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Preparing New Voices to Shape Internet Governance in the Middle East

While the Internet has long been recognized as a space for learning, self-expression, innovation, commerce, and sharing, it’s less understood as a political and contested space, where stakeholders with diverse and sometimes conflicting interests are constantly negotiating varying degrees of regulation of the network, from absolute openness to tight control. Understanding the components of the […]

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Iraqi school students, Basra University, credit to U.S. army

Digital Citizen 4.5

SPOTLIGHT ON INTERNET SHUTDOWNS In early June, Algeria’s Baccalaureate exams were leaked, prompting authorities to temporarily shut down mobile internet access. As a result, the Ministry of Education ordered a retake of some of the exams. During the retake, the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies blockedsocial media platforms. Blocking social media sites or shutting […]

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Image source: Leswer, Wikimedia Commons

Algeria Reconsiders Blocking Social Media to Prevent Cheating on Exams

The Internet was accessible again in Algeria at 3 p.m. last Sunday, ending government blocking of social media that started on Saturday at around 8 p.m. local time. The blocking, which the government intended to maintain until June 23, aimed to prevent cheating on the International Baccalaureate exams, according to officials. No explanation was given […]

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Tag cloud of bait content topics used by Stealth Falcon showing a strong emphasis on political topics and narratives critical of the UAE government. Source: Citizen Lab

Digital Citizen 4.4

In this month’s volume, we look at new research from Citizen Lab and provide updates on trials in the region. ACCESS & INTERFERENCE In mid-May, the Iraqi government once again ordered a complete country-wide shutdown of all Internet services between 5 am and 8 am during high school examinations, ostensibly to prevent cheating. The United […]

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